The Women’s specialises in the treatment and research of women's cancers: breast cancer, ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, endometrial and gynaecological cancers.
Women undergoing treatment for cancer can have difficult decisions to make and experience many issues for which they need support. The Women’s provides an intimate, specialised and supportive environment for women. We consider a woman’s journey in the context of her life and the many decisions and adjustments that she may face along the way.
We offer an extensive support network provided by a multidisciplinary team which includes nursing and medical staff, dieticians, pharmacists, physiotherapists, psychologists, social workers, sexual counsellors and pastoral care workers. Our patients receive best-practice treatment as well as the option of participating in the latest clinical trials.
As a centre of excellence, our services include major and minor surgery, chemotherapy, oncology and dysplasia outpatient clinics as well as leadership of a number of significant research projects to improve outcomes for women with cancer.
Surviving cancer creates a unique set of health issues for women; fertility preservation, sex after cancer, breast reconstruction (or the decision not to) and early menopause after treatment to name a few. The Women’s is committed to developing programs to support women’s health and wellbeing following their cancer treatment.
Cervical, Endometrial, and Ovarian:
Cervical cancer: The cancer is caused by several types of a virus called human papillomaviruses (HPV). HPV spreads through sexual contact. Most women's bodies are able to fight this infection. But sometimes the virus leads to cancer. You're at higher risk of cervical cancer if you smoke, have many children, have many sex partners, use birth control pills for a long time, or have HIV infection.
Endometrial cancer: Although the exact cause of endometrial cancer is unknown, increased levels of estrogen appear to have a role. Estrogen helps stimulate the buildup of the lining of the uterus.
Ovarian cancer: his cancer usually occurs in women over age 50 but can affect younger women. It causes more deaths than any other cancer of the female reproductive system and is the leading cause of death from gynecologic cancer in the developed world. Its cause is unknown.
Screening and Diagnosis:
Among all three of these reproductive-system cancers, early detection is crucial. But detection can be very difficult, especially in the early stages.
Cervical cancer : The cancer may not cause any symptoms at first, but later, you may have pelvic pain or bleeding from the vagina. It usually takes several years for normal cells in the cervix to turn into cancer cells. A test called a Pap smear is very effective in screening for cervical cancer.
Endometrial cancer : A pelvic examination is frequently normal in the early stages of endometrial cancer. Changes in the size, shape, or consistency of the uterus or its surrounding, supporting structures may be seen when the disease is more advanced.
Ovarian cancer: The sooner ovarian cancer is found and treated, the better the chance for recovery. But ovarian cancer is hard to detect early. Many times, women with ovarian cancer have no symptoms or just mild symptoms until the disease is in an advanced stage and hard to treat. To date, there is no effective screening regimen for ovarian cancer. More than half of women with ovarian cancer have advanced-stage disease at the time of diagnosis.